2016 results

Download the synthesis report for 2012-2016: urbfinhistory_raport_2012-2016_ro.pdf

In the last year of the project, the team members have focused on the finalization of the proposed research. Within the grant theme (Oraşe vechi, oraşe noi în Principatele Române [sec. XVI-XVIII]), the four members strived to finalize research themes that they started previously: evolution and transformations occurred in certain urban centers of medieval origin; merchants within cities; economic activities; aspects of urban topography. Archive research has been conducted in the branches of Iași and Bucharest of the National Archives. They were completed by researches in local, national and international libraries (Central University Library of Iași and Bucharest, Romanian Academy Library, National Library of Vienna and Library of Institut für Osteuropäische Geschichte, Vienna).

The project manager, Prof. Laurențiu Rădvan, continued his research regarding the evolution of an old Moldavian city: Iași. This time, his purpose was to determine the size of the city domain and the way it was broken up by various donations made by princes throughout the sixteenth-eighteenth centuries. The conclusion was that, by the reign of Istrate Dabija, the donations concerned mainly small pieces of lands for various foundations within the city of Iași; however, starting from his reign, princes began granting larger tracts of land within the domain of Iași. Ioan Theodor Calimah and Grigore Ioan Calimah are featured in the list among those with many donations. However, such donations concerned smaller pieces of land, situated mainly on the borders of the built area, into which these terrains were subsequently included. Monastic possessions soon dominated the former domain and they surrounded the city from all directions. This hampered urban development after 1800, while the city population increased. Hence, monasteries were the main beneficiaries, alongside boyars – at the beginning low boyars, with secondary offices, non-native, but rather Greeks that had arrived with the Sultan-appointed princes. Beneficiaries also included the princely servants; however, the city inhabitants themselves accounted for the lowest percentage of beneficiaries. By the time the last category received donations within the domain, there was not much left of it. Indeed, the only pieces of land left were situated on the city margins or they were uninhabitable. The far-reaching study conducted in this respect – titled Un subiect ignorat: moșiile urbane. Cazul orașului Iași – is currently in print in the journal “Studii și Materiale de Istorie Medie”, XXXIV (2016). Furthermore, the study O cișmea și începuturile unei mahalale din Iași was accepted for publication in the journal “Analele Ştiinţifice ale Universităţii „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” din Iaşi, Istorie”, LXII (2016).

Regarding research dissemination, Laurențiu Rădvan attended several national and international scholarly events, where he presented papers. A paper related to the outcomes of the investigation on the domain of Iași (Contribuții cu privire la moșia orașului Iași) was presented during the events organized on the occasion of Zilele Universității / Dies Academici, at “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Iași (27th of October 2016). Abroad, the author presented several papers at various conferences, congresses or roundtables:

A social group yet unknown: the urban patriciate in medieval Wallachia, at the European Social Science History Conference, Valencia, Spain, 30th of March – 3rd of April 2016;

Between Byzantium, the Mongol Empire, Genoa and Moldavia: trade centers in the North-Western Black Sea area, at the International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, USA (12th -15th of May 2016);

Urban conflicts in the Romanian principalities (16th-17th centuries), at the roundtable with the theme Political and social changes in European urban space, Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, Germany (4th of November 2016).

Gheorghe Lazăr – researcher at the N. Iorga Institute of the Romanian Academy – sent for publication the study written in French and titled De Râmnic à Venise et au Saint Sépulcre. Le registre de frais et de revenus du marchand Constantin Malache (XVIIIe siècle), to be featured in the volume Venezia e l’Europa Orientale tra il tardo Medioevo e l’Età moderna, edited by Cristian Luca, Grigore Arbore Popescu, Vienna, 2017. However, Dr. Lazăr pursued his mission of making accessible unpublished sources concerning the merchants of Wallachia. His volume – Catastife de negustori din Ţara Românească (secolele XVIII-XIX) – follows two volumes of already published merchant-related documents, published at the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Press in Iași. This volume features in full documents with financial and accounting value (income and expenditure registries), elaborated by the merchants Hagi Constantin Malache (Râmnic) and Constantin Dumitriu (Craiova). To all persons interested, they provide intriguing and unpublished information not only on the various commercial activities involving the two aforementioned actors, but also on the economic life mechanisms during the second half of the eighteenth century and the first part of the subsequent century.

Dan Dumitru Iacob – researcher at the Institute of Socio-Human Research in Sibiu – who has studied urban topography thoroughly, sent for publication the study O hartă inedită a orașului Roman și a împrejurimilor sale, to be featured in the main urban history journal in Romania, “Historia Urbana”, XXIV (2016), p. 257-288. Also concerning his interest in the zoning and topographic evolution of the Moldavian cities, Mr. Iacob presented the paper titled Informații despre monumentele din orașul Iași și din împrejurimile acestuia pe o hartă austriacă inedită, during the session “Monument. Tradition and Future”, 18th edition, Iași, 6th-9th of October 2016.

Petronel Zahariuc – Professor at the Faculty of History, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Iași – wrote the study Amintiri uitate din vremea “zaverei”. Iaşii şi Moldova la 1821, accepted for publication at the “Analele Ştiinţifice ale Universităţii „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” din Iaşi, Istorie”, LXII (2016).

We continued to monitor grant implementation and we made the final assessments of the research stage within the project. The director of the team had regular meetings with the research team members. Consequently, we believe that the objectives proposed within the project have been attained and even overachieved: overall, a volume of studies and three volumes of documents have been published, dozens of articles featured in scientific journals and volumes in the country and abroad, as well as dozens of papers presented at local, national and international round tables, sessions, conferences or congresses.